When a child is orphaned or otherwise put into the foster care system and ready to be adopted, the state of Louisiana becomes his or her legal guardian. This makes the state responsible for the child's well-being. It is not something that is taken lightly. When you want to adopt a child, there are certain criteria you must meet. These criteria are solely meant to protect the child and ensure he or she goes to a home that will look out for his or her best interests and provide a loving environment.
It is commonly believed that only couples can adopt, but that is not true. According to the Department of Children and Family Services, you can be a single adoptive parent. However, there are other requirements that you must meet.
You have to be at least 21 years old and in good physical health. You have to be able to support the child financially and be mentally and emotional capable of caring for the child. Beyond this, your home needs to be a safe place with enough room for the child to have his or her own bedroom space. Children can share a room, but they must have their own beds.
In addition, you need to have a clean background. You cannot have had a Child Protection case where you were found guilty of charges. You also cannot have a criminal background not can any other adult in your home. However, only certain crimes are considered, so your criminal history may not bar you from adopting. This information is for education and is not legal advice.